6 Kingdoms of Organisms

By: Ruchir G and Maura G


Monera Kingdom
 Monerans are single celled organisms without a nucleus. Some produce their own food and some hunt



estuarybacteria.jpg
This bacteria is called Klebsiella pneumoniae

Klebsiella pneumoniaebacilli shapedfound in soil, water, grain, vegetables, and animals












Rahnella_aquatilis.gif
This bacteria is called Rahnella aquatilis


Rahnella aquatiliscocci shapedfound in fresh water, soil, and algae














Protist KingdomProtists are organisms that have a nucleus and organelles. Most are single celled.
ProtozoanProtozoa are animal like organisms, with no cell walls and no chlorophyll.

Pfiesteria_piscicida.jpg
picture of Pfiesteria piscicida


Pfiesteria piscicida"Fish Killer"found in brackish, estuarine water, and in infected fish












AlgaePlant-like,contains chlorophyll, and has cell walls; primitive.

estuaryalgae.jpg
Picture of Cyanidioschyzon merolae.


Cyanidioschyzon merolae"Red Alga"live in hot, acidic springs; in water


















Fungus Kingdom
Fungi are multi cellular organisms with no chlorophyll, and they absorb nutrients.




ZygomycotaThis is a thread-like fungus; it has a spore at the end of the filament.
adsfdfadfdfdfsadfPhycomyces blakesleeanus

estuaryPhycomyces.jpg
This is Phycomyces blakesleeanus

Kingdom: FungiPhylum: ZygomycotaClass: ZygomycetesOrder: MucoralesFamily: PhycomycetaceaeGenus: PhycomycesSpecies: blakesleeanus
Common Name: N/A
This fungus lives in driftwood that might be floating in estuaries.





Chytridiomycota
Chytridiomycota organisms live either in soil or water, contain un-released spores, and usually live on dead, organic material.


asdfsdfdsfsdfsdfasfdsfasdfafdaddPhysoderma maydis

estuaryfungi.jpg
This fungus is called Physoderma maydis

Kingdom: FungiPhylum: ChytridiomycotaClass: ChytridiomycetesOrder: BlastocladialesFamily: PhysodermataceaeGenus: PhysodermaSpecies: maydis
Common Name: N/A
This fungus lives in soil and water; water is required for it to grow


ChytridiomycotaChytridiomycota organisms live either in soil or water, contain un-released spores, and usually live on dead, organic material.

Rhizophydium.jpg
This is Rhizophydium sphaerocarpum.

Rhizophydium sphaerocarpum
Kingdom: FungiPhylum: ChytridiomycotaClass: ChytridiomycetesOrder: CytridialesFamily: ChytridiaceaeGenus: RhizophydiumSpecies: sphaerocarpum
Common Name: N/A
live in brackish, estuarine water, and sometimes on plantsAscomycotaAscomycota organisms are sac fungi and are shaped as a cup.
estuaryPleospora.jpg
This is Pleospora herbarum.

Pleospora herbarum Kingdom: FungiPhylum: AscomycotaClass: AscomycetesOrder: PleosporalesFamily: PleosporaceaeGenus: Pleosporak;adlsfjs;adlfjsfdfdasfasdfSpecies: herbarum
adsfdfasdfsafsdafasdfdsCommon Name: N/A

adfasdfdsfasfasdfsdafadsfasdfasdfsdfdsaafadsfadsfasdfasdfdsafadsfsdlive in/on estuarine plants and flowers


Plant KingdomPlants are multi celled organisms with cell walls and chlorophyll.Lycophytaclub mosses; larger than non- vascular mosses
estuaryIsoetesacadiensis.jpg
The common name is Acadian quillwort.

Isoetes acadiensis
Kingdom: PlantaeDivision: LycopodiophytaClass: LycopodiopsidaOrder: IsoetalesFamily: IsoetaceaeGenus: IsoetesSpecies: acadiensis
Common name: Acadian quillwort
Lives in shallow water and streams



 Pteridophytaferns; they have fronds and spores on the bottom of the leaves

estuaryCeratopteristhalictroides.jpg
The common name is watersprite.

Ceratopteris thalictroidesKingdom: PlantaeDivision: PteridophytaClass: FilicopsidaOrder: PolypodialesFamily: ParkeriaceaeGenus: CeratopterisSpecies: thalictroides
Common name: watersprite
It is commonly found in West African estuaries and swamps




Magnoliophytaangiosperms; these plants have flowers and seeds in a fruit

estuaryelodeacallitrichoides.jpg
The common name is South American waterweed.

Elodea callitrichoidesKingdom: PlantaeDivision: MagnoliophytaClass: LiliopsidaOrder: AlismatalesFamily: HydrocharitaceaeGenus: ElodeaSpecies: callitrichoides
Common name: South American waterweed
Lives in estuaries in North America









Pinophytareproduce with cones or seeds on the outside of the plant; they have no fruit and they are evergreen

estuaryTaxodiumdistichum.jpg
The common name is Bald-cypress.
Taxodium distichum
Kingdom: PlantaeDivision: PinophytaClass: PinopsidaOrder: PinalesFamily CupressaceaeGenus: TaxodiumSpecies: distichum
Common name: Bald-cypress
Lives on the coasts of estuaries












 
Magnoliophytaangiosperms; these plants have flowers and seeds in a fruit
estuarypueraria2.jpg
The common name is Kudzu.


Pueraria phaseoloidesKingdom: PlantaeDivision: MagnoliophytaClass: MagnoliopsidaOrder: FabalesFamily: FabaceaeGenus: PuerariaSpecies: phaseoloidesCommon name: KudzuGrows along the coastline of lagoons and estuaries





Byrophytathese plants have no water conducting tissues so they grow close to the ground
estuaryplant.jpg
This is called Andreaea flabellata.

Andreaea flabellata
Kingdom: PlantaeDivision: ByrophytaClass: AndraeopsidaOrder: AndreaealesFamily: AndreaeaceaeGenus: AndreaeaSpecies: flabellata
Common Name: N/A
Normally lives in water at a depth of 0 to - 4,778 meters



SphenophytaThese organisms are horsetails, and have hollow stems with joints.
Equisetum_hyemale.jpg
Scouring Rush Horsetail

Equisetum hyemaleKingdom: PlantaeDivision: SphenophytaClass:EquisetopsidaOrder: EquisetalesFamily: EquisetaceaeGenus: EquisetumSpecies: hyemale
"Scouring Rush Horsetail"
Live on the moist banks of estuarine water. Can survive salt and fresh water.




Lycophyta
These organisms are club mosses, and are larger than non vascular mosses.
Isoetes_bolanderi.jpg
Bolander's Quillwort

Isoetes bolanderi"Bolander's Quillwort"Kingdom: PlantaeDivision: LycophytaClass: Lycopsida Order: IsoetalesFamily: IsoetaceaeGenus: IsoetesSpecies: bolanderiFound near edge of murky, muddy, water. Cannot tolerate too much salt.
AnthocerotophytaOrganisms with no water conducting tissue, and are close to the ground. 
Notothylas_dissecta.jpg
Notothylas dissecta


Notothylas dissectaKindom: PlantaeDivision: AnthocerotophytaClass: AnthocerotopsidaOrder: AnthocerotalesFamily:TenebrionoideaGenus: NotothylasSpecies: dissectacommon name: N/AFound growing in moist soil near estuarine water. 
MAGNOLIOPHYTA
Angiosperm organisms (covered seeds), with flowers and seeds in the fruit.



Rhizophora_mangle.jpg
The common name is mangrove.
Rhizophora mangle

"Mangrove"Kingdom: PlantaeDivision: MagnoliophytaClass: MagnoliopsidaOrder: RhizophoralesFamily: RhizophoraceaeGenus: RhizophoraSpecies: mangleFound on coasts of estuaries with roots in brackish water. BYROPSIDOPHYCEAEOrganisms that are a class of green algae.
Codium decorticatum
Codium_decorticatum.jpg
This is called Codium decorticatum.

Kindom: PlantaeDivision: ChlorophytaClass: ByropsidophyceaeOrder: ByropsidalesFamily: ScarabaeoideaGenus: CodiumSpecies: decorticatumcommon name: N/AFound on rocks and roots in the estuarine biome. FLORIDEOPHYCEAEOrganisms that are a class of red algae.
Palmaria_palmata.jpg
The common name is Creathnach.
Palmaria palmata

"Creathnach"Kindom: PlantaeDivision: RhodophytaClass: FlorideophyceaeOrder: PalmarialesFamily: PyraloideaGenus: PalmariaSpecies: palmataTypically found at the water's edge.

Animal Kingdom
Multi celled; digest food inside their body
Invertebrates
Arthropod
These organisms have multiple body segments, jointed appendages, and an exoskeleton.

Palaemonetes%20vulgaris.jpg
The common name is the common American prawn.


Palaemonetes vulgarisKingdom: AnimaliaPhylum: ArthropodaClass: MalacostracaOrder: DecapodaFamily: PalaemonidaeGenus: Palaemonetesspecies: vulgariscommon name: common American prawnlives in estuaries and oyster reefs


Porifera
These organisms live in water, have two cell layers seperated by a jelly-like substance, and they have one opening for food and waste.

estuarycliona.jpg
The common name is boring sponge.

Cliona celataKingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
fClass: Demospongiae
Order: Hadromerida Family: ClionaidaeGenus: Clionaspecies: celata
common name: boring spongefound at the water's edge in intertidal zones where the water is not too high or low



NemataOrganisms with one opening for food and another for waste; they have a straight digestive tube; some are parasites and others live in water or soil
estuary_roundworm.jpg
This is called Alaimonema multicinctum.


Alaimonema multicinctumKingdom: AnimaliaPylum: NemataClass: AdenophoreaOrder: AraeolaimidaFamily AxonolaimidaeGenus: Alaimonemaspecies: multicinctum
common name: N/Alives in brackish estuarine water or soil





Echinoderms
Organisms that live in salt water, have a spiny skeleton and arms, and are able to regenerate (grow back body parts that have been lost)

Northern_Pacific_Seastar.jpg
Northern Pacific Seastar
Asterias amurensis


"Northern Pacific Sea Star"
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Stelleroidea
Order: Forcipulatida
Family: Asteriidae
Genus: Asterias
Species: amurensis
Live in shallow areas of salt water, or on underwater rocks








Mollusks
Organisms that are soft bodied, have well developed organ systems, and some with hard shells

Cyclophorus rafflesi eximius
Cyclophorus_rafflesi_maximius.jpg
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order: Architaenioglossa
Family: Cyclophoridae
Genus: Cyclophorus
Species: rafflesi
Subspecies: eximius
Found under dead organic material in shallow water, or on estuarine rocks






Flat Worms
Organisms that are usually parasites, have one opening for food and waste, and have a simple nervous system.

Stenostomum rotundatum
Kindom: Animalia
Phylum: Platyhelminthes
Class: Turbellaria
Order: Catenulida
Family: Stenostomidae
Genus: Stenostomum

Species: rotundatumFound in water of rocky estuarine areas and on moist shores of estuaries.




VertebratesAmphibiaSpend the first part of their life in water with gills,and the second part of their life on land with lungs; they have smooth skin
estuaryfrog.jpg
This is the California Red-legged Frog.

Rana aurora draytonii
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Ranidae
Genus: Rana
species: aurora
subspecies: draytonii
Common Name: California Red-legged Frog
lives in wetlands including streams, ponds, and estuaries


AntinopterygiiFins supported by bones; their upper jaw bones slide forward when opened
estuaryCynoscionarenarius.jpg
This is a picture of Seatrout.
Cynoscion arenarius
Kingdom: Animalia
Pylum: Chordata
Class:Antinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family Sciaenidae
Genus: Cynoscion
species: arenarius
Common Name: Seatrout
Lives in brackish estuarine water




AvesThey have hollow bones, scaly legs, and feathers
estuaryardea.jpg
This is a picture of the Great Egret.

Ardea alba
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Ciconiiformes
Family: Ardeidae
Genus: Ardea
species: alba
Common Name: Great Egret
Ardea alba can be found in all kinds of wetlands including estuaries









Mammalia
Animals that are hairy, milk producing, and endothermic.

Enhydra lutris
"Sea Otter"
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Mustelidae
Genus: Enhydra
Species: lutris
Found in estuarine water and on the shores of estuaries.

Ascidiacea
Animals that have a flexible outer skeleton and are attached to the surface.

Styela clava
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Ascidiacea
Order: Stolidobranchia
Family: Styelidae
Genus: Styela
Species: clava
Found in shallow water of estuaries, usually close to shore.


Cephalaspidomorhi
Animals that are jaw less fish, have a skeleton of cartilage, hatch in fresh water but live in salt water as an adult, and come back to fresh water to lay eggs.

Petromyzon marinus
"Sea Lamprey"
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Cephalaspidomorphi
Order: Petromyzontiformes
Family: Petromyzontidae
Genus: Petromyzon
Species: marinus
Live in water of estuaries, often feeding/living on fish.










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